Java NIO Socket实现C/S架构

一般的Server端

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package thread.socket;  
import java.io.*;
import java.net.*;
import java.util.*;
public class Server extends ServerSocket {
private static final int SERVER_PORT = 10000;
private List<WorkerThread> workers;

public Server() throws IOException {
super(SERVER_PORT);
workers = new LinkedList<WorkerThread>();

try {
System.out.println("server is listening...");
while (true) {
Socket socket = accept();
workers.add(new WorkerThread(socket));
System.out.println(String.format("new worker created, total %d", getWorkerCount()));
}
} catch (IOException e) {
} finally {
close();
}
}
public synchronized int getWorkerCount() {
return workers.size();
}
public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException {
new Server();
}
}
// --- WorkerThread
class WorkerThread extends Thread {
private Socket client;
private BufferedReader in;
private PrintWriter out;
public WorkerThread(Socket s) throws IOException {
System.out.println(String.format("create a new thread. %s", s));
client = s;
in = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(client
.getInputStream(), "GB2312"));
out = new PrintWriter(client.getOutputStream(), true);
out.println("--- Welcome ---" + client.getRemoteSocketAddress());
start();
}
public void run() {
try {
String line = in.readLine();
while (!line.equals("bye")) {
System.out.println("client " + client.getRemoteSocketAddress() + " says: " + line);
String msg = createMessage(line);
out.println(msg);
line = in.readLine();
}
out.println("bye");
System.out.println("client " + client.getRemoteSocketAddress() + " quit");
client.close();
} catch (IOException e) {
}
}
private String createMessage(String line) {
// ;
return "response to " + line;
}
}

使用NIO的Server端 (从1.5开始,Java对InputStream/OutputStream 进行了重新改写,用的就是NIO,因此,就算你不显示声明要用NIO,只要你的类继承了InputStream/OutputStream就已经在用NIO了)

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import java.io.BufferedWriter;  
import java.io.FileInputStream;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.OutputStreamWriter;
import java.io.PrintWriter;
import java.net.InetSocketAddress;
import java.net.ServerSocket;
import java.nio.ByteBuffer;
import java.nio.CharBuffer;
import java.nio.channels.FileChannel;
import java.nio.channels.SelectionKey;
import java.nio.channels.Selector;
import java.nio.channels.ServerSocketChannel;
import java.nio.channels.SocketChannel;
import java.nio.charset.Charset;
import java.nio.charset.CharsetDecoder;
import java.util.Iterator;
import java.util.LinkedList;
import java.util.Set;
public class SelectorServer
{
private static int DEFAULT_SERVERPORT = 6018;//默认端口
private static int DEFAULT_BUFFERSIZE = 1024;//默认缓冲区大小为1024字节
private static String DEFAULT_CHARSET = "GB2312";//默认码集
private static String DEFAULT_FILENAME = "bigfile.dat";
private ServerSocketChannel channel;
private LinkedList<SocketChannel> clients;
private Selector selector;//选择器
private ByteBuffer buffer;//字节缓冲区
private int port;
private Charset charset;//字符集
private CharsetDecoder decoder;//解码器


public SelectorServer(int port) throws IOException
{
this.port = port;
this.clients = new LinkedList<SocketChannel>();
this.channel = null;
this.selector = Selector.open();//打开选择器
this.buffer = ByteBuffer.allocate(DEFAULT_BUFFERSIZE);
this.charset = Charset.forName(DEFAULT_CHARSET);
this.decoder = this.charset.newDecoder();

}

private class HandleClient
{
private String strGreeting = "welcome to VistaQQ";
public HandleClient() throws IOException
{
}
public String readBlock()
{//读块数据
return this.strGreeting;
}
public void close()
{

}
}
protected void handleKey(SelectionKey key) throws IOException
{//处理事件
if (key.isAcceptable())
{ // 接收请求
ServerSocketChannel server = (ServerSocketChannel) key.channel();//取出对应的服务器通道
SocketChannel channel = server.accept();
channel.configureBlocking(false);
channel.register(selector, SelectionKey.OP_READ);//客户socket通道注册读操作
}
else if (key.isReadable())
{ // 读信息
SocketChannel channel = (SocketChannel) key.channel();
int count = channel.read(this.buffer);
if (count > 0)
{
this.buffer.flip();
CharBuffer charBuffer = decoder.decode(this.buffer);
System.out.println("Client >>" + charBuffer.toString());
SelectionKey wKey = channel.register(selector,
SelectionKey.OP_WRITE);//为客户sockt通道注册写操作
wKey.attach(new HandleClient());
}
else
{//客户已经断开
channel.close();
}
this.buffer.clear();//清空缓冲区
}
else if (key.isWritable())
{ // 写事件
SocketChannel channel = (SocketChannel) key.channel();
HandleClient handle = (HandleClient) key.attachment();//取出处理者
ByteBuffer block = ByteBuffer.wrap(handle.readBlock().getBytes());
channel.write(block);
// channel.socket().getInputStream().(block);
// PrintWriter out = new PrintWriter(new BufferedWriter(new OutputStreamWriter(
// channel.socket().getOutputStream())), true);
// out.write(block.toString());
}
}
public void listen() throws IOException
{ //服务器开始监听端口,提供服务
ServerSocket socket;
channel = ServerSocketChannel.open(); // 打开通道
socket = channel.socket(); //得到与通到相关的socket对象
socket.bind(new InetSocketAddress(port)); //将scoket榜定在制定的端口上
//配置通到使用非阻塞模式,在非阻塞模式下,可以编写多道程序同时避免使用复杂的多线程
channel.configureBlocking(false);
channel.register(selector, SelectionKey.OP_ACCEPT);
try
{
while(true)
{// 与通常的程序不同,这里使用channel.accpet()接受客户端连接请求,而不是在socket对象上调用accept(),这里在调用accept()方法时如果通道配置为非阻塞模式,那么accept()方法立即返回null,并不阻塞
this.selector.select();
Iterator iter = this.selector.selectedKeys().iterator();
while(iter.hasNext())
{
SelectionKey key = (SelectionKey)iter.next();
iter.remove();
this.handleKey(key);

}
}
}
catch(IOException ex)
{
ex.printStackTrace();
}
}
public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException
{
System.out.println("服务器启动");
SelectorServer server = new SelectorServer(SelectorServer.DEFAULT_SERVERPORT);
server.listen(); //服务器开始监听端口,提供服务
}
}

使用NIO的Client端

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package thread.socket;  
import java.io.*;
import java.net.*;
public class Client {
Socket socket;
BufferedReader in;
PrintWriter out;
public Client() {
try {
socket = new Socket("127.0.0.1", 10000);
in = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(socket
.getInputStream()));
out = new PrintWriter(socket.getOutputStream(), true);
BufferedReader line = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(
System.in));
String cmd = "";
while (!cmd.equals("bye")) {
System.out.println("server says: " + in.readLine());
out.println(cmd = line.readLine());
}
System.out.println("socket " + socket + " stop");
line.close();
out.close();
in.close();
socket.close();
} catch (IOException e) {
}
}
public static void main(String[] args) {
new Client();
}
}

iOS网络编程

一、检测网络状态

添加源文件和framework

开发Web等网络应用程序的时候,需要确认网络环境,连接情况等信息。如果没有处理它们,是不会通过Apple的审(我们的)查的。
Apple 的例程 Reachability 中介绍了取得/检测网络状态的方法。要在应用程序程序中使用Reachability,首先要完成如下两部:

  1. 添加源文件:
    在你的程序中使用 Reachability 只须将该例程中的 Reachability.h 和 Reachability.m 拷贝到你的工程中。如下图:
  2. 添加framework:
    将SystemConfiguration.framework 添加进工程。如下图:

继续阅读 More

使用NSOperation和NSOperationQueue启动iOS多线程

在app store中的很多应用程序非常的笨重,他们有好的界面,但操作性很差,比如说当程序从网上或本地载入数据的时候,界面被冻结了,用户只能等程序完全载入数据之后才能进行操作。
当打开一个应用程序时,iphone会产生一个包含main方法的线程,所用程序中的界面都是运行在这个线程之中的(table views, tab bars, alerts…),有时候我们会用数据填充这些view,现在问 题是如何有效的载入数据,并且用户还能自如的操作程序。方法是启动新的线程,专门用于数据的下载,而主线程不会因为下载数据被阻塞。
不管使用任何编程语言,在实现多线程时都是一件很麻烦的事情。更糟糕的是,一旦出错,这种错误通常相当糟糕。然而,幸运的是apple从os x10.5在这方面做了很多的改进,NSThread的引入,使得开发多线程应用程序容易多了。除此之外,它们还引入了两个全新的类,NSOperation和NSOperationQueue。
接下来我们通过一个实例来剖析如何使用这两个类实现多线程。这里指示展示这两个类的基本用法,当然这不是使用他们的唯一办法。

继续阅读 More

ObjectiveC中的单例设计模式

注意class method中什么时候用self,什么时候用super!

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#import "PostOfficeProxy.h"  
#import "HTTPPostOffice.h"
static PostOffice *_sharedPostOffice = nil;
@implementation PostOfficeProxy
@synthesize realPostOffice;
+ (PostOffice*)sharedPostOfficeProxy {
NSLog(@"shared");
@synchronized([PostOffice class]) {
if (nil == _sharedPostOffice) {
[[self alloc] init];

}
}
return _sharedPostOffice;
}
+ (id)allocWithZone:(NSZone *)zone {
NSLog(@"alloc zone");
@synchronized([PostOffice class]) {
if (nil == _sharedPostOffice) {
_sharedPostOffice= [super allocWithZone:zone];


}
}
return _sharedPostOffice;
}
- (id)init {
NSLog(@"init");
self = [super init];
if (nil != self) {
self.realPostOffice = [[HTTPPostOffice alloc] init];
}

return self;

}
- (id)copyWithZone:(NSZone *)zone {
return self;
}
- (id)retain
{
return self;
}
- (unsigned)retainCount
{
return UINT_MAX;
}
- (void)release
{
//do nothing
}
- (id)autorelease
{
return self;
}
@end