将Sonar引入 Jenkins

Sonar是一个集成的代码质量工具,主要用于Java,但现在也可以通过支持多种其他语言,例如javascript, C#等。

Jenkins是最流行的持续集成工具。

有两种方式在Jenkins Job中建立Sonar步骤: Standalone sonar runner 或 sonar-maven-plugin

(本文假设你已经安装了Jenkins)

安装 Sonar

  1. Need to install a sonar instance, download from http://www.sonarsource.org/downloads
  2. start sonar service. E.g on a 64bit linux server, use:

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    $ /bin/linux-x86-64/sonar.sh start
  3. the you can access http://127.0.0.1:9000 as Sonar URL. Note: By default the built-in H2 database does not support other server to access this sonar instance remotely by the IP/URL, unless you manually config it to use your own database instance like mysql.

  4. if you want to analyze javascript other than JAVA, download a sonar plugin: http://docs.codehaus.org/display/SONAR/JavaScript+Plugin
  5. download and install sonar-runner if you don’t use sonar-maven-plugin: http://docs.codehaus.org/display/SONAR/Installing+and+Configuring+Sonar+Runner
  6. config sonar in Jenkins: http://127.0.0.1:8080/jenkins/configure

A javascript project with standalone runner

  1. add a post-build step of “Invoke Standalone Sonar Analysis”
  2. in the Project properties field
  3. assume you already use Cobertura running unit tests
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\# required metadata
sonar.projectKey=
sonar.projectName=
sonar.projectVersion=1.0.0
\# path to source directories (required)
sonar.sources=
\# Uncomment this line to analyse a project which is not a java project.
\# The value of the property must be the key of the language.
sonar.language=javascript

A JAVA project with standalone runner

  1. add a post-build step of “Invoke Standalone Sonar Analysis”
  2. in the Project properties field
  3. assume you already use Cobertura running unit tests, so to reuse the report
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\# required metadata
sonar.projectKey=
sonar.projectName=
sonar.projectVersion=1.0.0
\# path to source directories (required)
sonar.sources=
\# Uncomment this line to analyse a project which is not a java project.
\# The value of the property must be the key of the language.
sonar.language=java
sonar.dynamicAnalysis=reuseReports
sonar.surefire.reportsPath=
sonar.core.codeCoveragePlugin=cobertura
sonar.cobertura.reportPath=/cobertura/coverage.xml

A Java(Maven) project with sonar-maven-plugin

  1. add below properties in pom.xml (assume using emma but not reuse the report. For other tool like jacoco, cobertura, see http://docs.codehaus.org/display/SONAR/Code+Coverage+by+Unit+Tests )
  2. add a post-build action of “Sonar”
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UTF-8
java
<!-- Tells Sonar to reuse existing reports -->
true
<!-- Tells Sonar where the unit tests execution reports are -->
reports/junit
<!-- Tells Sonar to use Emma as the code coverage tool -->
emma
<!-- Tells Sonar where the unit tests code coverage reports are -->
reports/emma

更多例子:

https://github.com/SonarSource/sonar-examples


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